Pamukkale & Hierapolis

Pamukkale is a unique wonder in the world as well as a spectacular archaeological site with unusual well-preserved ancient ruins. 19 km north of Denizli, 45 minutes driving distance from Ephesus, the site is located in the River Menderes valley.

Pamukkale means ‘Cotton Castle’ in Turkish and is derived from the amazing appearance of the travertine pools, a strange formation caused by thermal springs. The mineral composition of the thermal water creates white travertine pools and changes color according to how the light enters. The water from the springs contains a large mineral content with chalk, limestone, and travertine cascading down the mountain, resembling a frozen waterfall.

Pamukkale is a unique landscape with a surreal appearance unlike any site you’ll see in Turkey, which is why it appears in the UNESCO World Heritage list. If you visit the Ephesus region, stopping off to see this fascinating site is highly recommended.