Mardin

Located between the Dicle and the Firat rivers, Mardin is one of the oldest cities in Mesopotamia. Located in upper Mesopotamia, human settlement in the area dates back to before 4,500 BC and was first established on the top of a mountain in the area. Today, the area has a very strategic location, with this rocky mountain overlooking the plains of northern Syria.

This mystic city of yellow cut-stone houses will feed your soul with its aura and ambiance. Because of its location, the city was visited by travelers and caravans, who all left their cultural marks that today can be seen in the history and the food of the region.

Mardin Museum features a wide archaeological collection (pottery, seals, cylinder seals, coins, lamps, figurines, teardrop bottles, jewelry) dating from the Bronze Age, the Early Iron Age, Asur, Urartus, Persians, Byzantines, Seljuks and the Ottoman Empire. Mardin also houses several ancient mosques, monasteries, churches, tombs, castles, and madrasahs, which will amaze you with their rich history and magnificence.

Mardin is particularly famous for its oriental architecture left from different past civilizations. The artifacts, constructions and buildings come from the Subari, Sumer, Akad, Babil, Mitanni, Asur, Persian, Byzantine, Seljuks, Arabs, Artuklu and the Ottoman Empire, which all go to make the city an open air museum.

Traditional Mardin houses represent the shape and feel of the whole city. Mardin has preserved the old style carving in its houses, which are decorated with different design motifs, columns, windows, and doors. Surrounded by 4 meter-high walls and isolated from the street, the houses reflect a closed-in lifestyle. The walls also provide protection from hard and cold climatic conditions.

You will be surprised by the cultural diversity enriched by the deep-rooted culture of the different communities, including the oldest Christian community, the Suryani. While the history and the religious sites, especially in the Midyat district, will surely amaze you, delicious food and local handicrafts will also captivate you.